ruzka.republika.co.id–“How terrible it is to grow old with memories of your youth consisting only of traffic jams, the fear of being late for work, uninspired routine tasks, and a life like a machine that will only end in a poor retirement.” (Cosmopolitan Fart, 2004:205).
City planning in Indonesia has recently become a “hot topic”, especially since the National Capital Relocation Plan (IKN) has been widely discussed. If city planning in the West and developed countries has been completed or entered the “eternal” era, in Indonesia it still has great potential to change the built environment.
One of the triggers for the emergence of urban design as a professional field is the attention paid to the appearance of the city in three dimensions, so an approach that bridges the gap between planning and architecture is needed.
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Although the practice of urban design has now reached medium and small cities as a field of science, urban design is not yet as mature as urban planning science or other urban studies.
This is because this field has such a wide scope, ranging from a very mathematical approach to spatial analysis, a very qualitative socio-cultural discourse in public spaces, to an interpretation of design quality or aesthetic values that always accompany urban design . it works, but it is difficult. analyzed objectively.
Prof. Ir. Evawani Ellisa, M.Eng., Ph.D. in his talk entitled “A Study of History, Context, and Culture in Urban Design Discourse: Reflection and Introspection” he divided the manuscript into two parts. The first part contains a study of urban design in terms of history, context and culture, beginning with a discussion of the birth of urban design, looking at cities in Europe and America. Then, it continues with a study of the figure of a city designer who cannot be separated from the influence of political power and the paradigm of neoliberal capitalism.
In the second part, this manuscript focuses on the reflection on the tragedy of urban life, namely the ups and downs experienced by the great cities of the world taking the case of the City of London.
The discussion then went on to look at cities in Indonesia, which focused on informal settlement areas, namely the resilience of urban villagers. Both the case of the city of London and the urban village each illustrate the action-reaction process that always follows every event that happens to them.
Finally, this manuscript also discusses the discourse of the post-pandemic city to invite readers to introspect and prepare for future challenges.
According to Prof. Evawani, Jakarta cannot be separated from the shackles of the power of capitalism that has changed the socio-spatial face of the city, in the process of capital accumulation that manifests itself in new spaces.
Quoting the statement of the poet and author Seno Gumira Ajidarma, there is the term “Homo Jakartanensis” that applies to the inhabitants who are described as people who come from the region and try their luck in a city that looks magnificent on the outside but is fragile on the inside.
Informal settlements are areas that develop without formal control from city authorities, coexist but are not always synonymous with illegal settlements, such as squatters and slums.
UN-Habitat (2006) records that more than 1 billion of the world’s population live in informal settlements and this is expected to increase to 1.4 billion by 2020. The spread and resilience of informal settlements, particularly in the Global South, has been phenomenal even and in the last 50 years, the government has made various efforts to stop its growth.
Kampung Cikini RW 01, Pegangsaan Village is a residential enclave in the middle of Central Jakarta. This area was chosen as one of the laboratories for the urban design cluster in the Department of Architects, Faculty of Engineering, University of Indonesia (FTUI).
“From the 10 years of collaboration that we have done with the village, two premises are concluded. First, the community is a safety valve that prevents residents from falling into the puddles of miserable metropolitan life. Secondly, the way of expressing the feelings of happiness is very clearly shown by the residents during celebrations involving outsiders, and spontaneity is part of their strength,” said Prof. Evawani.
In his speech, Prof. Evawani added that cities are imperfect human works. I am between two pendulums; between rise and fall. Cities are an amplification of humanity’s great successes and failures.
This manuscript is a series of fragments about the urban design discourse that is constantly transforming. Therefore, people and the built environment will continue to adapt without ever reaching a perfect point.
An outward-looking approach must be taken to understand the city form holistically, while an inward-looking approach encourages empathy for the city. These two approaches lead the research to the conclusion that the temporality of the city is permanent.
Turbulences caused by market pressures, pandemics, new technologies, social ills, disasters and a thousand and one urban challenges will drive changes in urban governance and will continue to be a factor urban design actors need to pay attention to.
After the speech, Prof. Evawani was officially inaugurated as a permanent professor of Urban Design, Faculty of Engineering, University of Indonesia. The inauguration of the professors was conducted by the Chancellor of the UI, Prof. Ari Kuncoro, SE, MA, Ph.D., at the Makara Art Center and broadcast live virtually through the YouTube channel UI Teve.
Prof. Evawani merupakan Dosen di Departemen Arisitektur, FT UI. He completed his engineering education, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Gadjah Mada University, fall 1986; Master of Environmental Engineering, Licence School of Environmental Engineering, Urban Planning Laboratory, Osaka University, 1994–1996, sponsored by Monbusho; dan Doctor of Philosophy of Environmental Engineering, License School of Environmental Engineering, Urban Planning Laboratory, Osaka University, 1996–1999, sponsored by Monbusho.
Some of the latest scientific papers published include “Changes in Pahandut Palangkaraya City Morphology in Response to Cultural Change of Riverside Communities: Postgraduate International Indexed Publications Program (PUTI) 2022”, “Smart and Green City: Utopia/ Dystopia” ? Indonesian Millennial Perspectives on Migration IKN Nusantara: PUTI Postgraduate 2022″, “Behind Covid-19: Exploring the Architecture of Cikini Kramat Village Community Hall as Life Support during Pandemic 2021” and “Cikini Living Laboratory” Village in Eco City Live Projects 2019″. (Rusdy Nurdiansyah)