tpf.co.id — Low back pain is pain in the waist or lower back that can be felt up to the buttocks and thighs. Moreover, in some cases, the pain can radiate to the feet.
The lower back is composed of the spine, ligaments, and muscles. This body part is a strong structure and plays an important role in supporting the body when standing upright and when moving in various directions.
Not only that, in the back there are also nerves that function to regulate movement and capture stimuli. Lower back pain can occur if there is a disturbance in the back structure.
Symptoms of Low Back Pain
The level of back pain felt by each patient is different, ranging from mild to severe pain that interferes with busyness. But in general, here are the symptoms of low back pain:
- Pain feels like being stabbed or electrocuted
- Pain can be felt in the back only or radiates to other parts of the body, for example to the legs
- Pain occurs when you are in certain positions, such as sitting or walking, but improves when standing or lying down
- Back pain that persists or gets worse after lifting heavy objects
- Back pain may be accompanied by muscle twitching (spasm)
Causes of Lower Back Pain
Low back pain can last for more than a day to several weeks. This pain can be caused by a number of things, such as an injury from a fall or impact, excessive body movement, or lifting heavy weights.
Not only that, low back pain can also be caused by the following conditions:
- Muscle stiffness
Stiff muscles due to infrequent movement can cause low back pain.
- Damage to the spinal joint gap
With age, the tissue in the joint space weakens, so that the spinal cushions protrude. This condition can put pressure on the spinal cord (pinched nerve) and cause pain that radiates to the leg. In addition, spinal shift or spondylolisthesis can also cause low back pain.
- Arthritis (arthritis)
In some cases, arthritis can cause narrowing of the joints and vertebrae, causing pain.
- Spinal deformities and osteoporosis
Spinal deformities, such as kyphosis and bone loss (osteoporosis) can put pressure on the nerves and cause pain.
- Disorders of the spinal nerves
This condition can result from inflammation, pressure, injury, or a tumor pressing on the spinal cord.
- Kidney stones
Lower back pain due to kidney stones usually feels like being stabbed by a sharp object and is felt only on one side of the back.
Not only because of some of the causes above, low back pain is also more at risk for people who have the following situations:
- 30–50 years old
- Being overweight or obese
- Rarely exercise
- Lifting excessive loads
- Having a job that requires a lot of sitting, bending over, or lifting heavy objects
- is pregnant
- Too often wearing high heels
How to Overcome Lower Back Pain
Here are the initial steps that can be carried out at home to relieve symptoms, while preventing the recurrence of low back pain:
- Regular exercise, especially those that train the abdominal and back muscles. Good types of exercise for back pain are yoga, pilates, tai chi, walking, and swimming.
- Maintain an upright posture when sitting or standing to reduce excess pressure on the muscles and spine
- Losing weight because excess weight will place greater emphasis on the muscles of the lower back and spine
- Avoid stress
- Do not smoke because smoking can interfere with the flow of blood vessels in the spine, and slow the healing of back pain
- Use a cold compress on the back for 10 minutes, then use a warm compress 2 days later
- Do not lift heavy objects so that lower back pain does not reappear
- Improve your sleeping position by raising your legs slightly higher than your body to reduce pressure on your back
Medical Steps to Treat Lower Back Pain
If the above methods do not work to reduce back pain complaints, you should consult a neurologist. the doctor may perform more than one inspection to confirm the assessment and determine the cause of low back pain.
The doctor will run a physical inspection, X-rays, CT scans, and Mri. In some cases, the doctor may also suggest an Emg inspection to evaluate the condition of the lower back nerves.
After the assessment and cause of low back pain is known, a new doctor can provide customized treatment.
The following are treatments that doctors can give to treat low back pain:
1. Drug pbright eyes
Severe low back pain often requires painkillers from a doctor, such as oains, either in the form of oral medications or topical medications.
2. Drug pmuscle fatigue
This type of drug can overcome stiffness in the muscles implication of muscle overwork. Muscle relaxants may also be given if low back pain is accompanied by muscle spasms.
3. Narcotic drugs and antidepressants (sedatives)
The use of these drugs requires close supervision from a doctor and is usually only used for a short period. This type of medication is used to relieve very severe low back pain.
4. Physiotherapy and physical exercise
Physiotherapy with heat, ultrasonic waves, or electrical stimulation (Electrical therapy) can help with back pain. After the pain is resolved, physiotherapy can be continued with specific movement exercises to increase energy and flexibility of the back muscles.
This alternative therapy is believed to help reduce low back pain. The results will be better if acupuncture is combined with physiotherapy and medication.
6. Ospinal surgery
In severe problems, such as spinal structural abnormalities or pinched nerves that do not improve with treatment, surgery may be performed to correct abnormalities in the nerves and spine.
Low back pain will usually improve over time with rest and self-care at home.
However, if your lower back pain doesn’t improve, gets worse, or is accompanied by fever, trouble urinating or defecating, weakness in your leg muscles, and tingling in your legs, thighs, buttocks, or back, don’t delay seeing a doctor.